International Keynote Presentations

 

Dr Kacper Gradon

Dr Kacper Gradon, the project leader in the European Union commissioned research on Lone Actor Extremist Events (LAEEs) will be delivering a keynote presentation on the final report on "Preventing, Interdicting and Mitigating Extremism - operational dimensions of countering lone-actor terrorism".

FP7 PRIME was a 3-year long (2014-2017) EU-funded project aimed to improve the understanding of lone actor terrorism and to inform the design of social and physical counter-measures for the prevention of lone-actor radicalisation, the disruption of lone-actor terrorist plots and the mitigation of terrorist attacks carried out by lone extremists. PRIME research consortium (University College London, Kings College London, University of Warsaw, University of Leiden, Aarhus University and Hebrew University of Jerusalem) cooperated closely with subject matter experts and with counter-terrorism and counter-extremism merit.

The presentation will focus on the most practical observations and conclusions drawn by the PRIME team responsible for the analysis of existing and potential countermeasures against violent extremism and terrorism. University of Warsaw scholars interviewed and consulted over 130 frontline practitioners representing law-enforcement agencies and intelligence services from Europe, USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, India, Georgia and Israel, gathering first-hand data on the operational constraints and limitations affecting the effectiveness of counter-terrorism operations, and preparing the comprehensive set of countermeasures that can be practically applied to disrupt extremist plots at all three stages of the PRIME-designed “RAPA” model (Radicalization - Attack Preparation - Attack).

Dr Gradon will cover the PRIME recommendations presented to the European Commission at the Safeguarding Australia 2018 and will go beyond the state of the art, describing the approaches both to the newly adapted "analogue" terrorist MOs (such as run-over attacks, arsons and stabbings - strategies endorsed both by ISIS and AQ), and to the digital frontiers of threats, analysing the challenges that they pose to law-enforcement and security services.

As a Visiting Fulbright Professor at the Centre for the Study and Prevention of Violence (University of Colorado), Dr. Gradon will present on "The Future of Crime and the future of terrorism" Can we prepare for the uncertain times?"

The presentation will focus on rapid developments in Information Technologies and their potential both for the criminals/terrorists and law-enforcement and security services. Drawing from the open source data, interviews with frontline investigators and the case files, the speaker will describe the emerging phenomenon, where the modern digital technologies are used as the tools to gather data and intelligence, choose and monitor the targets of the attack and then prepare, test and execute the assault.

Dr Gradon will highlight the role of the Internet at all three stages of the lone actor extremism (Radicalization - Attack Preparation - Attack), using the outcomes of the EU-funded FP7 PRIME Project data as illustration.

Specific stress will be put on the preventive and investigative challenges posed by the IP-enabled modern technologies, including the “Internet of Things”, where the contemporary technology can be used for victims/targets selection and invigilation, risk assessment and the attack execution. The presentation will also cover the problems arising from the criminal use of the anonymization tools such as TOR, exploitation of the Dark Web and crypto-currency payments (Bitcoin, Monero)."

Dr Kacper will also present the results of his on-going Fulbright research, focusing on the law-enforcement and security applications of Open Source Intelligence, data mining and semantic analysis of natural languages for the purpose of prevention and combating of violent extremism and terrorism.