Keynote Address - "Building the framework to safeguard Australia - view from Home Affairs"
Dr. Kacper Gradon is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Warsaw and the Director of the Center for Forensic & Investigative Sciences (University of Warsaw). He is also a Visiting Fulbright Professor at the University of Colorado and will present at this year's Safeguarding Australia summit on the final report of the 3 year long (2014/2017) European Union $4.5 million funded PRIME Project on LAEEs (Lone Actor Extremists Events)
His excerpts at this year's summit are detailed below.
Preventing, Interdicting and Mitigating Extremism (PRIME) – operational dimensions of countering lone-actor terrorism.
FP7 PRIME was a 3-year long (2014-2017) EU - funded project aimed to improve the understanding of lone actor terrorism and to inform the design of social and physical counter-measures for the prevention of lone-actor radicalisation, the disruption of lone-actor terrorist plots and the mitigation of terrorist attacks carried out by lone extremists. PRIME research consortium University College London, Kings College London, University of Warsaw, University of Leiden, Aarhus University and Hebrew University of Jerusalem cooperated closely with subject matter experts and with counter-terrorism and counter-extremism merit.
The presentation will focus on the most practical observations and conclusions drawn by the PRIME team responsible for the analysis of existing and potential countermeasures against violent extremism and terrorism. University of Warsaw scholars interviewed and consulted over 130 frontline practitioners representing law-enforcement agencies and intelligence services from Europe, USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, India, Georgia and Israel, gathering first-hand data on the operational constraints and limitations affecting the effectiveness of counter-terrorism operations, and preparing the comprehensive set of countermeasures that can be practically applied to disrupt extremist plots at all three stages of the PRIME-designed “RAPA” model (Radicalization – Attack Preparation – Attack).
The speaker will cover the PRIME recommendations presented to the European Commission and will go beyond the state of the art, describing the approaches both to the newly adapted "analogue" terrorist MOs (such as run-over attacks, arsons and stabbings - strategies endorsed both by ISIS and AQ), and to the digital frontiers of threats, analysing the challenges that they pose to law-enforcement and security services.
The future of crime and the future of terrorism. Can we prepare for the uncertain times?
The presentation will focus on rapid developments in Information Technologies and their potential both for the criminals/terrorists and law-enforcement and security services. Drawing from the open source data, interviews with frontline investigators and the case files, the speaker will describe the emerging phenomenon, where the modern digital technologies are used as the tools to gather data and intelligence, choose and monitor the targets of the attack and then prepare, test and execute the assault.
The presenter will highlight the role of the Internet at all three stages of the lone actor extremism (Radicalization – Attack Preparation – Attack), using the outcomes of the EU-funded FP7 PRIME Project data as illustration.
Specific stress will be put on the preventive and investigative challenges posed by the IP-enabled modern technologies, including the “Internet of Things”, where the contemporary technology can be used for victims/targets selection and invigilation, risk assessment and the attack execution.
The author will also present the results of his on-going Fulbright research performed at the Centre for the Study and Prevention of Violence (University of Colorado at Boulder), focusing on the law-enforcement and security applications of Open Source Intelligence, data mining and semantic analysis of natural languages for the purpose of prevention and combating of violent extremism and terrorism.
Workshop: Creating effective Interagency Operations to defeat the terrorist rhetoric.
Kacper Gradon will focus on the practical challenges of combating violent radicalisation, extremism and lone actor terrorism, where the modern Information Technologies play the ever-increasing role. The specific focus will be put on the use of both the “regular” Internet (a.k.a. the “Clear Net”) and the Dark Web by the terrorist groups, lone extremists and the organized criminal enterprises for the purpose of propaganda dissemination, know-how and intelligence gathering, target selection, attack preparation, financing of operations (including the use of the crypto-currencies). The workshop presenter will draw from the outcomes of his research (EU FP7 PRIME Project and Fulbright research at the University of Colorado, Boulder) as well as his FBI/NCFTA (National Cyber-Forensics Training Alliance) training in Conducting Cyber Research and Analysis in the Dark Web.